Aumentan los ciberataques contra infraestructuras críticas en España en 2015

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CLAVES

  • España ha sufrido 52 ciberataques a infraestructuras críticas en 2015.
  • Los incidentes de seguridad contra empresas y particulares se han incrementado a 36.000 contabilizados ya en los primeros ocho meses de 2015.
  • La preocupación en temas de ciberseguridad aumenta a nivel mundial. Las organizaciones gastarán más de 75.000 millones de dólares en materia de ciberseguridad este año 2015.

Aumentan los ciberataques en España

El Instituto Nacional de Ciberseguridad (INCIBE), a través del Equipo de Respuesta ante Emergencias Informáticas (CERT) de Seguridad e Industria, ha resuelto de enero a septiembre 52 ciberataques a infraestructuras críticas y servicios básicos del país, la mitad de ellos a operadores de suministro eléctrico.

El dato ha sido ofrecido en León por el secretario de Estado de Seguridad del Ministerio del Interior, Francisco Martínez Vázquez, quien ha alertado del importante incremento de estos ataques respecto a 2014, cuando se produjeron 63 durante todo el año.

INCIBE. Boletín informativo. 25 de septiembre de 2015 [consultado 01-10-2015]. Disponible en: https://www.incibe.es/file/3gV30QnhKSeir3W1jWBZCw

Los incidentes de seguridad contra empresas y particulares, que también gestiona el INCIBE, se han incrementado al pasar de los 18.000 resueltos en 2014, a los 36.000 contabilizados ya en los primeros ocho meses de 2015.

Según el Estudio en “Ciberseguridad y confianza en los hogares españoles” realizado por el INCIBE y el Observatorio Nacional de las Telecomunicaciones y la Sociedad de la Información (ONTSI), un 69’6% de los hogares españoles se vieron afectados por problemas de ciberseguridad en 2014.

imag1
Fuente: ONTSI. Estudio sobre la Ciberseguridad y Confianza en los hogares españoles.

El estudio advierte también que existe una amplia brecha entre las incidencias reales de malware y las percibidas por el usuario. Incluso se observa la tendencia entre una menor percepción de las incidencias conforme aumentan las incidencias reales.

imag2
Fuente: ONTSI. Estudio sobre la Ciberseguridad y Confianza en los hogares españoles.
ONTSI. Estudio sobre la Ciberseguridad y Confianza en los hogares españoles. 2014 [consultado 01-10-2015]. Disponible en: http://www.ontsi.red.es/ontsi/sites/default/files/estudio_sobre_la_ciberseguridad_y_confianza_en_los_hogares_espanoles_octubre_14.pdf

Martínez ha advertido de que en la actualidad existe la posibilidad de ciberataques contra infraestructuras críticas, aquellas que soportan los servicios esenciales para la sociedad como el abastecimiento de energía eléctrica o agua, los servicios financieros o las telecomunicaciones.

Son unos servicios que son cada vez más dependientes de las tecnologías de la información y las comunicaciones y “por eso las infraestructuras críticas tienen que estar debidamente atendidas para hacer frente a esos riesgos”, ha afirmado.

Martínez ha resaltado que sólo en 2014 se detectaron 50.000 hechos delictivos en la red, por los que las fuerzas de seguridad imputaron a más de 5.500 personas por estos hechos.

El gasto mundial en ciberseguridad superará los 75.000 millones de dólares

La preocupación en temas de ciberseguridad aumenta a nivel mundial. Los recientes casos sobre ataques informáticos a grandes empresas han provocado el replanteamiento del presupuesto destinado a esta área. Gartner, la consultora internacional líder en investigación de la tecnología de la información, ha realizado recientemente un estudio para conocer cómo se van a enfrentar al desafío empresas y particulares.

Las organizaciones gastarán más de 75.000 millones de dólares en materia de ciberseguridad este año 2015, según el reciente informe “Forecast Analysis: Information Security, Worldwide, 2Q15 Update”. Esto supone un 5% más que la cifra invertida el pasado año.

GARTNER. Gartner Says Worldwide Information Security Spending Will Grow Almost 4.7 Percent to Reach $75.4 Billion in 2015. 23 de septiembre de 2015 [consultado 01-10-2015]. Disponible en: http://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/3135617

La consultora indica que las iniciativas impulsadas por el sector público en este ámbito, el aumento de las brechas de datos a gran escala y una legislación cada vez más dura en materia de ciberseguridad son claras palancas de crecimiento de este nicho de mercado. Un área donde se abren grandes oportunidades para los proveedores tecnológicos, sobre todo en segmentos como las pruebas de seguridad, el outsourcing de TI y la gestión de accesos e identidades.

Por el contrario, otras áreas de ciberseguridad, como es la protección del endpoint y el software más dirigido al consumidor final, experimentarán una ‘commoditización’. Según Elizabeth Kim, analista de Gartner, “el interés en tecnologías de seguridad está siendo impulsado por elementos relacionados con el negocio digital, especialmente la computación en cloud, la movilidad y el Internet de las cosas, así como por los ataques dirigidos avanzados que cada vez tienen mayor impacto y son más sofisticados”.

Tendencias en Ciberseguridad

Todo parece indicar que el impacto de un dólar cada vez más alto en Europa hará que los consumidores tiendan a retrasar algo sus inversiones de seguridad. Claro que Gartner espera que este asunto se equilibre en 2016, volviendo a la normalidad en el gasto.

Respecto a las empresas, la consultora espera también cierta caída (de en torno al 4-5%) en el crecimiento del mercado de prevención de pérdida de datos de cara a 2019. Además, apunta que a finales de 2020 menos de un 5% de los proveedores de seguridad de red ganarán tracción en el mercado de las plataformas de protección del endoint (EPP, de sus siglas en inglés); y que también menos del 5% de las empresas con más de 500 empleados realizarán compras de soluciones de gestión unificada de seguridad (llamadas UTM) en 2019.

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