Retina plantea los retos de la transformación digital

1120
8124

CLAVES:

  • La revolución digital va a transformar importantes asuntos del gobierno como la política fiscal o incluso la Constitución.
  • Uno de los mayores retos que plantea la revolución digital es garantizar la privacidad.
  • Aun, queda trabajo por hacer para que los entes públicos sigan digitalizando cualquier trámite administrativo.
  • La inversión española en I+D lleva años en niveles manifiestamente inferiores a la media europea
  • La formación y la transferencia de conocimientos va a ser un asunto crucial para abordar con éxito el proceso de transformación.

Los continuos cambios que está experimentando la sociedad como consecuencia de la transformación digital están afectando a cuestiones tan diversas como el empleo, la forma en que trabajamos, la privacidad, la seguridad, la inversión o el I+D.

Con la finalidad de ampliar el debate que está surgiendo en torno a todas estas temáticas, El País Retina organizó el pasado 5 de Julio el evento “Futuro Digital” en el que reunió a varios invitados representantes del Gobierno, administraciones, instituciones y empresas para debatir sobre las medidas que garantizarán la competitividad y el desarrollo económico y social de nuestro país en este nuevo entorno digital.

Entre los participantes estuvieron personalidades políticas tan destacadas como Álvaro Nadal. Ministro de Energía, Turismo y Agenda Digital, Jordi Sevilla. Exministro del Gobierno de España o Felipe González. expresidente del Gobierno de España. También tomaron parte importantes responsables empresariales como Rita Balogh. Manager de Políticas Públicas de Google en Bruselas, Carina Szpilka. Presidenta de Adigital o David del Val. Presidente y CEO de Telefónica I+D.

[toggles behavior=”toggle”]

[toggle title=”Álvaro Nadal confía en la gran oportunidad que se presenta”]

El encargado de abrir la jornada fue Álvaro Nadal, ministro de Energía, Turismo y Agenda Digital. “Hace 200 años cambiamos radicalmente los sistemas de producción con la máquina del vapor y el carbón, 100 años después llegó la electricidad. Ahora estamos ante un cambio de calibre similar y tenemos que ver cómo nos comportamos. La participación de España dejó bastante que desear en las revoluciones anteriores”. Estas fueron las palabras del ministro Alvaro Nadal en la apertura del evento

Nadal, defendió la oportunidad que tiene España para caminar “hacia la cabeza” del tren de la transformación digital. Una revolución que será más importante que la industrial.

Para aprovechar esas oportunidades, Nadal defendió que “tenemos que tomarnos más en serio la transformación digitalque hasta ahora. Para poder impulsar el cambio de paradigma de la economía española, para que no pierda dicho tren, se debe abordar desde todos los puntos de vista posibles. También desde la política pública. “Tenemos la oportunidad de crear una estructura económica en nuestro país que nos permita ir adelante”, subrayó.

Retina0

Tenemos que pasar de ser meros usuarios a entender qué es el cambio digital. – Álvaro Nadal, ministro de Energía, Turismo y Agenda Digital.

El ministro argumentó que la revolución digital “va a transformar hasta nuestra Constitución”. Es la única en Europa que habla de informática, pero todavía es “muy analógica”. Nadal añadió que “esto no supone que se vaya a modificar, pero sí que se va a cambiar la forma de entenderla y aplicarla”. Y así con el resto de marcos regulatorios.

Las modificaciones afectarán también, según apuntó el ministro, al plano fiscal, “que es tremendamente analógico”, para adaptarlo a nuevas actividades como, por ejemplo, el comercio electrónico. “Tenemos que crear nuevas categorías tributarias acordes a los nuevos tiempos”, señaló.

Nadal defendió que la transformación digital debe llevar consigo una reducción de la brecha digital, que se tiene que abordar desde lo más básico que es la educación. “Tenemos que pasar de ser meros usuarios a entender qué es el cambio digital”, subrayó.

[/toggle]

[toggle title=”Privacidad en la nueva sociedad digital”]

A la ponencia de Nadal le siguió un debate sobre Privacidad, Sociedad e Innovación en forma una mesa redonda formada por ponentes de la talla de la de Cecilia Álvarez, presidenta de la Asociación Profesional Española de Privacidad; Ileana Izverniceanu, directora Relaciones Institucionales de la OCU; Rita Balogh, manager de Políticas Públicas de Google en Bruselas. El encargado de moderar este debate fue David Alandete, el director adjunto de El País.

El principal reto que plantea la revolución digital es garantizar la privacidad”. Esta es la proclama que lanzaba José Luis Piñar, catedrático de Derecho Administrativo de la Universidad CEU San Pablo, en su primera intervención en la mesa redonda. “Debe buscarse el equilibrio entre la seguridad de los datos y la privacidad. Sin olvidar otro elemento fundamental para toda sociedad democrática avanzada: la transparencia”, asegura.

El problema de la privacidad es que a menudo no se tiene presente. “Cuando mi generación empezó a acercarse a las redes sociales se pasó rápidamente del celo a la intimidad a contar hasta cuando te tomas una tostada”, ilustraba Cecilia Álvarez, presidenta de la Asociación Profesional Española de Privacidad (APEP). “No es lo mismo compartir tu información en un muro público que en una red en la que tú decides quiénes ven la información. El usuario debe tomar consciencia de hasta qué punto se expone en internet. Hace falta educar en responsabilidad de las decisiones que tomamos”, añadió esta experta.

Retina1

Por otro lado, la educación del usuario en los derechos y deberes que tiene cuando navega por internet es, en opinión de todos los expertos, fundamental en la transición digital. “Muchas personas contratan servicios sin leerse los términos y condiciones. Hay gente que ni siquiera es consciente de qué es la protección de datos, o de qué hace falta protegerlos”, afirma Cristina Maroto, secretaria general técnica en Asgeco. La aproximación a este asunto, además, varía en función de la edad. “Los más jóvenes asumen que se están poniendo las medidas adecuadas para que la privacidad sea respetada. Los más mayores, en cambio, son mucho más reticentes a facilitar datos personales en la red, aunque el comercio online va aumentando, y por tanto esas reservas parece que se van superando”, ha añadido Maroto.

¿Cómo lo está haciendo España?Somos uno de los países mejor preparados para la gestión de datos”, opina Maroto. “Y es muy difícil estarlo, porque la ley va siempre por detrás de la realidad. A menudo, cuando se saca una nueva normativa, ya está apareciendo otra tecnología que la deja atrás”, reflexiona. Tratar de legislar un ciberespacio que no tiene barreras es muy complicado.

La brecha entre la Administración y la tecnología debería ser lo más escueta posible. “Debemos tener una innovación responsable. No solo necesitamos matemáticos e ingenieros para llevar a cabo esta revolución: también hacen falta juristas y filósofos”, comentaba Álvarez.

Las empresas que canalizan el enorme flujo de datos que transitan por las redes son las primeras responsables de la seguridad de esa información. Así lo cree al menos Rita Balogh. “Ahora mismo estamos teniendo fuertes discusiones sobre cómo regular los flujos de datos en Europa”, ha dicho en referencia a la General Data Regulation, la normativa que ahora mismo se está cocinando en Bruselas. “Lo que intentamos es poner al usuario en el centro. Hace dos años pusimos en marcha un sistema, Mi Cuenta, en el que cualquiera puede entrar y ver qué sabe él Google. También es cierto que mucha gente no entiende del todo qué servicios son o no gratuitos. Es importante no abrumar al usuario con cierta información: resumir los términos y condiciones, pero de forma que se entiendan. Aunque luego nadie lo lea”, subrayaba Balogh.

[/toggle]

[toggle title=”Jordi Sevilla cree que hay que digitalizar cualquier trámite administrativo público”]

A continuación, llegó el turno para hablar de Servicios Públicos y Administración Digital. Para ello se juntaron José Manuel Leceta, director general de Red.es; Carles Ramió, catedrático de ciencia política de la UPF y vicerrector en la UPF; Roberto Sánchez, director general de Innovación y Promoción de la Ciudad y Jordi Sevilla, exministro de Administraciones Públicas del Gobierno de España entre 2004 y 2007.

Jordi Sevilla, ex ministro de administraciones públicas, enumeró cuatro principios sin los cuales la modernización no será efectiva: “Tenemos que dejar de pedir a los ciudadanos un documento del que otro organismo disponga, disponer de mecanismos digitales para cualquier trámite, funcionar todos los días del año y adaptar la forma de trabajar de la administración al entorno digital”. Sevilla incidió en el primero de estos puntos y en el problema que lo ocasiona: la falta de comunicación entre organismos públicos. Y ahondó en la necesidad de elaborar un concepto de lo que supone la digitalización para el sector en su conjunto.

Carles Ramió coincidió con el exministro en este punto. “Debemos redefinir qué tipo de rol queremos jugar en el futuro y, a partir de ahí, apostar por la administración digital. Porque, al final, invertir en tecnología implica la digitalización de nuevas rutinas”.

La capacidad de innovación en la Administración apenas se puso en entredicho durante el evento; lo que se cuestionó fue su adaptación al entorno digital. Ramió llegó a expresar su preocupación por la desaparición del concepto actual que se tiene de estos organismos. “Con la cultura digital se pone en entredicho a los intermediarios”, comenzó, citando como ejemplo el crecimiento de Wikipedia en detrimento de la Enciclopedia Británica. “El sector público debe jugar el papel de director de orquesta, de metagobernador, que no puede quedar en manos de empresas privadas. Pero para ello tiene que renovarse”.

Retina3

Con la cultura digital se pone en entredicho a los intermediarios. – Carles Ramió, catedrático de ciencia política y vicerrector de la UPF

La idea de renovación que expuso Roberto Sánchez, director de innovación en el Ayuntamiento de Madrid, se basaba en utilizar las herramientas digitales para gestionar mejor las infraestructuras y servicios prestados al ciudadano, así como mejorar su relación con este último. Aunque, para conseguir alcanzar su ambicioso propósito, no excluyó el reto que supone la organización interna de los organismos públicos. “La administración debe ofrecer a las personas las mismas facilidades que tienen cuando reservan un hotel o compran una entrada de cine a través de su móvil”.

Sánchez se acordó también de que la transformación digital no debe entenderse como ruptura sino como continuación y partió una lanza por quienes menos se manejan con las nuevas tecnologías. “No podemos separarnos de los nativos digitales”, afirmó, “pero tenemos que ser inclusivos con aquellos ciudadanos que, generalmente por cuestiones de edad, no se han adaptado a la digitalización ni van a hacerlo”.

[/toggle]

[toggle title=”España innova por desesperación más que por vocación”]

La última mesa de la primera sesión trató de I+D, Innovación y Competitividad. Sobre este tema debatieron Carina Szpilka, presidenta de Adigital; y David del Val, presidente y CEO de Telefónica I+D. Contarán con la moderación de Jaime García Cantero, director de Contenidos del Foro Retina.

España ha innovado más por desesperación que por vocación. La innovación requiere años y cimientos“, afirmó David del Val, presidente y consejero delegado de Telefónica I+D. Esta tendencia, que durante la crisis ha empujado a las empresas a internacionalizar su actividad en busca de mercados más estables y ha desembocado en el aumento de la exportación, no funciona igual cuando el objetivo es crear nuevos productos y servicios. “Cuando estalló la crisis, ya no había tiempo para esto. Si innovas por vocación, lo haces llueva o haga calor, de forma sistemática“.

Retina4

Aunque esta postura no ha caracterizado la innovación que se ha dado en España durante la última década, Carina Szpilka, presidenta de Adigital, asegura que está naciendo una segunda generación de emprendedores que tiene “ese chip”: el que basa el éxito en la creación de modelos que generen resultados, crezcan y escalen. “Necesitamos aprender a hacer cosas diferentes para generar ventajas competitivas: interpretar bien las señales del entorno, experimentar, atraer, retener y entrenar el talento...”, asegura. En este sentido, los retos de la gran empresa difieren de aquellos a los que se enfrentan las pequeñas y medianas empresas que nutren el tejido empresarial español: “Hay que saber como atacar, pero todo lo que hagamos tiene que tener una licencia social que legitime a la empresa”.

Tampoco hay una solución para todo en el conocido problema de la inversión española en I+D, que lleva años en niveles manifiestamente inferiores a la media europea. “Tenemos que tener en cuenta el reparto de la inversión en el territorio, el papel de las empresas y el de los investigadores.

“Hay muchos factores que desgranar y resolver“, explicó Juan María Vázquez, secretario general de Ciencia e Innovación en el Ministerio de Economía, Industria y Competitividad.

Precisamente en los centros de investigación, nace otro de los problemas que lastran la capacidad de los proyectos de innovación made in Spain para generar resultados: la transferencia de conocimientos. “En España se está produciendo ciencia de calidad“, aseguró Vázquez. Sin embargo, estos avances científicos no llegan a verse reflejados en la actividad empresarial. “Cuando nos vamos a los ránkings de innovación se ve un desacople que nos pone en alerta. Necesitamos promover acciones que llenen el espacio entre la generación y la utilidad del conocimiento“, añadió. Esta brecha también encuentra su reflejo la protección del conocimiento y la resistencia patria a generar patentes más allá del ámbito universitario.

Tanto para saltar este gap como para favorecer la puesta en marcha de nuevos proyectos que consigan medrar y hacerse un hueco duradero en el ecosistema emprendedor, la responsable de área de Industria I+D+i de Ciudadanos, Susana Solís, defendió la necesidad de bajar las barreras que complican los dos primeros años de andadura. “Cuando nos reunimos con startups, el mensaje siempre es el mismo: ‘No me pongas trabas. Ayúdame’. Necesitamos mantener la estabilidad de la inversión en I+D, mejorar la fiscalidad para empresas e inversores y desarrollar un marco regulatorio favorable para los dos primeros años de una startup“.

Cuando nos reunimos con startups, el mensaje siempre es el mismo: No me pongas trabas. Ayúdame. – Susana Solís, Ciudadanos.

Todos coinciden, no obstante, en que el cambio está en marcha. “El mundo ha ido por delante de las personas, pero la innovación no es un problema de recursos, también lo es de voluntad, comentó Szpilka. David del Val se mostró convencido de que todas las medidas anteriores también necesitan cierta dosis de paciencia: “Hay que dar tiempo. Estamos sembrando ahora la semilla que Israel sembró hace veinte años y Silicon Valley plantó en los setenta“.

[/toggle]

[toggle title=”¿Hace falta más calidad de la enseñanza?”]

Después de la pausa para el café se trató otro tema clave: Educación y Empleo en la era digital. Los encargados de debatir en esta mesa redonda fueron Félix Serrano, director del Instituto de Tecnologías Educativas y de Formación del Profesorado (MECD); Montserrat Gomendio, subdirectora de la Dirección para la Educación y Recursos de la Organización para la Cooperación y el Desarrollo Económicos (OCDE); y José Antonio Herce, director asociado de Analistas Financieros Internacionales (AFI).

“¿Hablamos de la tecnología como medio o la tecnología como fin?”, se preguntó en su primera intervención Féix Serrano. “Es verdad que la hemos de usar para formar profesiones de futuro, para lo que existe un cierto “déficit”.

Retina4

En este momento estamos experimentando una revolucion que me gustaría comparar con la revolución industrial”, aseguró Garmendio.

“¿Cómo respondimos a aquella revolución? Universalizamos el acceso a la educación”. En este caso, admitió, existen características diferentes, en el que se da la preocupación por la destrucción de empleo y en la creación de otros empleos con distintas exigencias. “Es importante que pongamos énfasis en la calidad del sistema, no solo en el acceso a la educación. Porque ahora ya no solo se exige conocimientos, sino otras muchas características que van a hacer falta para desarrollar las carreras del futuro, como el trabajo en equipo, la búsqueda de soluciones o la adaptación a los cambios”, destacó Gormendio. Porque, recordó al igual que le resto de ponentes, “lo que aprenden los niños corre el riesgo de quedarse obsoleto” muy rápidamente. Gormendio puso sobre la mesa varias estadísticas preocupantes. La diferencia en los resultados de la Encuesta PISA entre país con mejor puntuación (Singapur) y el que peor nota recibe (República Dominicana) equivale a siete años de escolarización. Según otra encuesta de la organización, existen países cuyos estudiantes de secundaria tienen mejor capacitación que los estudiantes universitarios.

El representante de la Administración fue Rafael van Grieken, consejero de Educación, Juventud y Deporte de la Comunidad de Madrid, por su parte, quiso arrojar un punto de vista más optimista. “La tecnología no es una varita mágica con la la que todo el mundo aprende”, aseguró recogiendo el testigo de Félix Serrano. “Para que sirva de algo debe producirse un cambio en los espacios educativos, en las aulas”. Propuso, además, integrar nuevas prácticas de evaluación, dado que “la formación de los docentes es clave”.

Porque, recordó, va a ser imposible “aprovechar medio digital alguno si nos e produce, a la vez, un cambio en la metodología con la que se enseña”. Y eso, sin contar con otras piezas del rompecabezas como es la gobernanza. “La educación ha de basarse en un equilibrio entre conocimientos básicos y temas como perseverancia, creatividad, trabajo en equipo. Eso se puede hacer en un centro educativo, y difícilmente se hace en un MOOC.

Una de las intervenciones más rupturistas corrió a cargo de José Antonio Herce, director asociado de Analistas Financieros Internacionales. Herce comparó la situación de la educación con la que lleva experimentando los medios de comunicación desde hace algunos años. “Ahora mismo, los cursos masivos gratuitos en plataformas online impulsados por las mejores escuelas e impartidos por los mejores profesores están ya transformando la educación. Ya hay gente dispuesta a tomar el testigo”, espetó. “Si no hiciera falta ficha [en una analogía con la ficha bancaria necesaria para desarrollar el negocio de banca] ya se estarían acaparando la innovación“.

[/toggle]

[toggle title=”Felipe González aboga por más formación humanística”]

Las conclusiones de la jornada corrieron a cargo de Felipe González, expresidente del Gobierno entre 1982 y 1996.

González hizo una defensa de la formación humanística para afrontar los grandes retos a los que se enfrenta la economía española en un entorno de transformación digital. “Nos sentimos desestructurados como seres humanos”, ha resaltado antes de asegurar que la educación, “de primaria a la universitaria”, es la base sobre la que se construye la revolución digital.

Retina5

“Solo nos va a dar certidumbre volver a recobrar una cierta pasión por la formación humanística”. – Felipe González.

González mostraba así un gran interés por el papel de la educación en este ámbito. “La pasión por la especialización tecnológica será más frágil y menos eficiente si no nos preocupamos de la condición humana”, añadió.

Para González, los profesores, por especializados que estén, deben recuperar las tareas de magisterio, sobre las que en los últimos años no hay tanto reconocimiento. “Parece que preferimos que nos llamen profesores a maestros, cuando quizá debería ser al revés”, ha puntualizado. También ha insistido en que hay que entrenar a la gente para que sepa utilizar el conocimiento que recibe como algo que añada valor. “Mis nietos se comunican a través de las herramientas digitales. Yo soy una persona completamente analógica, así que tengo que coger mi viejo lenguaje y traducirlo al de los nuevos soportes. Al final no se trata del canal que uses, sino de lo que comuniques”, ha sentenciado.

De ahí, sostiene, que la educación sea más importante, si cabe, en la revolución digital que “está detrás de esa cosa a la que llaman globalización. Esa ha sido una de las obsesiones de González durante toda su carrera. “A veces me preguntan que, si tuviera que llevar a cabo una ley educativa como la de 1984, la haría igual. ¿Cómo vamos a hacer algo igual con todo el tiempo que ha pasado?”, se ha preguntado ante la audiencia.

No basta con que el sistema educativo se ocupe de transferir conocimientos a los alumnos. González ha hablado de la necesidad de poder ofrecer, a la hora de buscar un empleo, que se puedan aplicar los conocimientos de un título de forma práctica, como se hace en los países anglosajones. En su opinión, esa es una de las asignaturas pendientes de los sistemas educativos. “En 1988 me hicieron una huelga general por introducir el modelo de formación empresarial que ya aplicaba la Alemania Federal del canciller Helmut Kohl, a quien acabamos de enterrar”, ha ilustrado lamentando que casi 30 años después esta cuestión siga sin estar resuelta.

El expresidente socialista se ha mostrado seguro de que la enfermedad de la titulitis” también quedará atrás por la “velocidad de crucero de los cambios tecnológicos”. “El homo tecnológico va a cambiar con la tecnología, pero el ser humano va a seguir siendo Shakespeare”, ha subrayado tras contar, como anécdota, que conoció a un asesor de programadores informáticos que cobraba 2.000 dólares la hora y cuya formación era esencialmente literaria.

Hay gente que reacciona contra el fenómeno porque temen el fenómeno y alimentando los miedos. También están los de la exaltación, que creen que la tecnología nos va a resolver absolutamente todos los problemas. Tenemos que introducir elementos de gobernanza de este proceso, y eso para nuestros sistemas educativos es fundamental”, ha considerado durante su intervención. Y ahí es donde cobra especial interés tener una cierta formación en humanidades. “Si somos capaces de aproximarnos a la condición humana, la desconcertante velocidad de los cambios tecnológicos será menos abrumadora”.

[/toggle]

[/toggles]

EL PAÍS RETINA. Felipe González: “La velocidad de los cambios tecnológicos va a hacer obsoleta la ‘titulitis”. 06 de Julio de 2017 [consultado 19-07-2017]. Disponible en: https://retina.elpais.com/retina/2017/07/05/tendencias/1499230454_832973.html

EL PAÍS RETINA. Evento: Futuro Digital Políticas y estrategias ante los retos del nuevo entorno. 05 de Julio de 2017 [consultado 19-07-2017]. Disponible en: https://retina.elpais.com/retina/2017/06/14/eventos/1497459756_775750.html

EL PAÍS RETINA. Transformación digital. El futuro, a debate en EL PAÍS RETINA. 02 de Julio de 2017 [consultado 19-07-2017]. Disponible en: https://retina.elpais.com/retina/2017/06/30/tendencias/1498819657_834150.html

Descargar este documento en pdf

1120 Comentarios

  1. My wife and i felt really glad that Raymond could conclude his reports through your ideas he discovered in your site. It’s not at all simplistic just to possibly be making a gift of tactics which often many people have been selling. And we acknowledge we have the writer to be grateful to for this. The most important illustrations you made, the simple web site navigation, the relationships your site make it easier to engender – it’s many fabulous, and it’s making our son and the family do think this matter is amusing, and that is seriously essential. Thank you for all the pieces!

  2. I must express my appreciation to the writer just for bailing me out of this particular trouble. As a result of researching throughout the world-wide-web and coming across techniques that were not beneficial, I assumed my life was over. Existing without the solutions to the difficulties you’ve solved all through your blog post is a serious case, as well as the kind which may have in a wrong way affected my career if I had not discovered your blog post. That know-how and kindness in dealing with all areas was excellent. I’m not sure what I would have done if I had not come upon such a subject like this. It’s possible to at this time relish my future. Thank you so much for the skilled and amazing guide. I won’t be reluctant to endorse your web site to anyone who ought to have counselling on this topic.

  3. Thank you for all your valuable efforts on this web page. My daughter loves managing investigation and it is obvious why. We notice all about the dynamic medium you deliver functional secrets via this web site and welcome response from some other people about this area of interest plus my child is certainly becoming educated so much. Take pleasure in the remaining portion of the new year. You’re the one doing a first class job.

  4. I together with my friends were actually reviewing the good helpful tips located on your web blog and then suddenly developed an awful feeling I had not thanked the web site owner for those strategies. Most of the young boys were definitely certainly stimulated to read through all of them and have without a doubt been using these things. I appreciate you for getting indeed kind and for using such really good topics most people are really wanting to understand about. My personal sincere regret for not saying thanks to you earlier.

  5. I as well as my guys ended up reviewing the best tricks from your website then instantly got an awful feeling I had not expressed respect to the website owner for those secrets. All the men were for that reason passionate to read through all of them and have in effect in actuality been taking pleasure in those things. Thank you for truly being quite helpful and for picking varieties of incredibly good subjects most people are really wanting to understand about. My honest regret for not expressing gratitude to you earlier.

  6. I simply needed to appreciate you all over again. I do not know the things that I would’ve gone through without the type of points revealed by you on my problem. It has been a real alarming issue for me personally, however , being able to view a professional fashion you handled it took me to leap over delight. I am happier for your assistance and then sincerely hope you comprehend what a powerful job you’re getting into instructing others via a site. Most probably you have never met all of us.

  7. I definitely wanted to write a simple comment so as to express gratitude to you for the fantastic ideas you are showing here. My incredibly long internet lookup has at the end of the day been paid with sensible concept to talk about with my pals. I would suppose that many of us website visitors actually are truly fortunate to exist in a fabulous community with so many lovely individuals with useful basics. I feel quite happy to have encountered your entire webpages and look forward to so many more exciting minutes reading here. Thanks once again for all the details.

  8. Thank you for all your valuable effort on this web site. My mum delights in setting aside time for research and it is easy to understand why. A number of us know all concerning the powerful medium you produce useful tips and hints through your web site and in addition attract contribution from other people on this topic and our simple princess is being taught a whole lot. Enjoy the remaining portion of the new year. You are performing a really good job.

  9. I must show my appreciation to you for rescuing me from such a condition. Because of looking out throughout the the web and seeing tricks which are not pleasant, I figured my entire life was done. Existing devoid of the strategies to the difficulties you have resolved all through this blog post is a crucial case, and ones that would have in a negative way damaged my entire career if I hadn’t noticed your web page. Your good ability and kindness in maneuvering a lot of things was priceless. I’m not sure what I would’ve done if I hadn’t come upon such a step like this. I can at this time look forward to my future. Thanks a lot so much for the reliable and effective guide. I will not be reluctant to propose your web site to any person who should receive recommendations on this subject matter.

  10. I simply needed to thank you very much again. I am not sure the things I might have used without the type of opinions documented by you on my area. It was actually an absolute fearsome problem in my circumstances, nevertheless taking note of the expert style you handled the issue forced me to weep over delight. I am happy for this advice and as well , sincerely hope you find out what a great job that you are accomplishing educating others through the use of your webpage. I’m certain you’ve never got to know all of us.

  11. I not to mention my guys ended up reviewing the great helpful tips located on your website and then before long I had an awful suspicion I never expressed respect to the site owner for those tips. Most of the young boys appeared to be absolutely stimulated to learn them and have now in fact been loving those things. I appreciate you for truly being so helpful and also for making a choice on varieties of very good things most people are really needing to understand about. Our honest regret for not expressing gratitude to you earlier.

  12. I simply needed to appreciate you all over again. I am not sure what I would’ve followed in the absence of those recommendations provided by you concerning such a question. Previously it was a real daunting circumstance for me personally, nevertheless seeing the specialised style you treated the issue made me to weep for gladness. Now i am grateful for the work and in addition wish you know what an amazing job you are carrying out teaching the others using your web site. More than likely you’ve never encountered all of us.

  13. I really wanted to compose a brief word to be able to express gratitude to you for some of the fabulous strategies you are writing here. My time consuming internet look up has at the end been compensated with professional facts to share with my two friends. I would point out that most of us readers actually are very endowed to dwell in a very good website with so many perfect professionals with beneficial tips and hints. I feel truly lucky to have encountered the webpages and look forward to really more exciting times reading here. Thanks a lot again for a lot of things.

  14. I am commenting to make you know of the wonderful encounter our princess had using yuor web blog. She realized a good number of pieces, not to mention what it’s like to have a wonderful giving mindset to get other individuals with ease thoroughly grasp a number of complex things. You actually surpassed our own expectations. I appreciate you for delivering those beneficial, trusted, revealing and in addition unique thoughts on your topic to Gloria.

  15. I have to voice my gratitude for your generosity supporting individuals that require assistance with in this area. Your personal dedication to passing the message all-around ended up being extraordinarily important and has usually permitted most people just like me to arrive at their ambitions. Your amazing important key points entails a lot a person like me and further more to my mates. Warm regards; from everyone of us.

  16. Thank you for your entire hard work on this website. My mum really loves conducting investigation and it’s really simple to grasp why. A lot of people hear all relating to the powerful method you offer efficient thoughts through the website and in addition recommend contribution from others on the issue while our favorite daughter is always understanding a great deal. Have fun with the rest of the year. You’re the one carrying out a good job.

  17. Needed to send you the tiny observation just to thank you very much over again for your personal gorgeous basics you’ve contributed above. This has been simply tremendously generous with people like you in giving unreservedly precisely what a lot of people might have supplied for an ebook to generate some cash for themselves, even more so now that you could possibly have done it in the event you decided. These concepts also worked like the fantastic way to fully grasp that other people have a similar fervor similar to mine to understand way more in respect of this problem. I believe there are millions of more fun occasions in the future for individuals that start reading your website.

  18. Thanks a lot for giving everyone a very brilliant chance to discover important secrets from this site. It’s always so fantastic and full of fun for me personally and my office friends to visit your blog nearly thrice in one week to find out the fresh items you have got. Not to mention, we are actually fulfilled with your outstanding opinions you serve. Certain 3 facts in this article are clearly the best I have had.

  19. My wife and i were absolutely comfortable Peter managed to carry out his reports through the precious recommendations he discovered using your site. It’s not at all simplistic just to find yourself releasing tips which men and women may have been trying to sell. And we understand we have got the writer to give thanks to for this. The type of explanations you’ve made, the simple web site menu, the relationships you give support to engender – it’s mostly superb, and it is facilitating our son and the family know that that article is amusing, and that’s exceedingly important. Thank you for everything!

  20. I am glad for writing to make you be aware of of the useful encounter my friend’s princess enjoyed checking your blog. She figured out lots of issues, with the inclusion of what it is like to have an excellent helping mood to let the others with ease have an understanding of selected multifaceted subject areas. You undoubtedly did more than people’s expected results. I appreciate you for rendering such effective, healthy, educational and even cool thoughts on the topic to Kate.

  21. I intended to write you the little bit of note to finally say thanks yet again on the amazing guidelines you have contributed on this page. It is so seriously generous of people like you to deliver unreservedly what a few individuals could possibly have made available for an electronic book to generate some bucks for their own end, chiefly considering the fact that you might well have done it if you desired. Those thoughts additionally served to be a fantastic way to realize that some people have the same interest like my very own to know significantly more regarding this condition. I’m sure there are several more fun instances up front for people who read your site.

  22. My husband and i were very joyful Ervin managed to complete his analysis with the ideas he gained in your web pages. It’s not at all simplistic to simply possibly be handing out helpful hints which usually most people could have been making money from. We really acknowledge we’ve got you to thank for that. All the explanations you made, the easy blog navigation, the friendships your site aid to foster – it is everything powerful, and it’s really aiding our son in addition to the family understand the issue is brilliant, and that is highly mandatory. Thank you for the whole thing!

  23. I precisely wished to thank you very much all over again. I do not know what I could possibly have implemented without those hints documented by you on this situation. It previously was the distressing crisis in my view, however , finding out this specialised mode you handled it took me to jump over gladness. I am grateful for the guidance and even expect you really know what a great job that you’re accomplishing training men and women with the aid of your websites. I am certain you have never met all of us.

  24. I simply had to thank you so much once more. I am not sure the things I would’ve handled in the absence of the entire recommendations contributed by you directly on my topic. It had been a real fearsome scenario for me, but viewing your specialised technique you processed it took me to weep for joy. I’m happier for the support and as well , wish you know what a powerful job that you’re undertaking teaching others using your website. I am sure you have never met all of us.

  25. I needed to send you one tiny note to be able to give thanks yet again for your personal pleasing tips you’ve provided at this time. It has been certainly shockingly generous of you to make publicly exactly what many individuals could have sold as an electronic book to help with making some cash for their own end, notably since you might have done it in case you desired. The creative ideas as well served to become good way to fully grasp that most people have similar zeal really like my personal own to find out a great deal more in regard to this condition. Certainly there are millions of more pleasant opportunities up front for folks who find out your blog post.

  26. Needed to write you one tiny observation to be able to say thanks a lot over again for your personal pleasing tricks you’ve discussed in this case. It is quite wonderfully open-handed with people like you to make publicly what many people might have supplied for an electronic book to help make some money for themselves, especially given that you might have tried it if you desired. These guidelines likewise worked to become a fantastic way to know that many people have the same desire just as my own to figure out way more on the topic of this problem. I’m certain there are a lot more pleasurable situations up front for many who looked at your blog post.

  27. I together with my buddies were actually reviewing the nice tips and tricks located on your site and then I got a terrible feeling I had not expressed respect to the web site owner for those strategies. These men became for this reason happy to see all of them and have in effect in actuality been having fun with these things. Appreciate your indeed being well considerate and also for finding varieties of helpful resources most people are really desperate to be informed on. My very own sincere regret for not expressing gratitude to you sooner.

  28. Thanks for each of your labor on this site. Debby delights in working on research and it is obvious why. Most people notice all concerning the dynamic medium you offer precious tips and hints on your web blog and as well strongly encourage contribution from others on that area of interest while our simple princess is in fact studying so much. Have fun with the rest of the year. You’re carrying out a very good job.

  29. I and my guys were found to be analyzing the nice strategies found on your site and then immediately I had a horrible suspicion I never expressed respect to the website owner for those tips. All the boys had been consequently warmed to learn them and now have quite simply been taking pleasure in those things. Thank you for really being indeed helpful as well as for picking this form of awesome information millions of individuals are really desirous to know about. Our sincere regret for not expressing appreciation to you earlier.

  30. I actually wanted to construct a quick message to say thanks to you for those fabulous ideas you are giving on this site. My considerable internet lookup has at the end been recognized with professional points to talk about with my best friends. I would point out that many of us website visitors actually are extremely lucky to live in a decent community with so many brilliant people with very helpful strategies. I feel very blessed to have used your site and look forward to plenty of more entertaining moments reading here. Thank you again for all the details.

  31. I not to mention my guys were found to be looking through the good strategies found on your web blog then instantly I had an awful feeling I had not expressed respect to the web site owner for those strategies. All of the boys happened to be as a result very interested to learn them and have simply been loving them. I appreciate you for truly being simply kind and then for making a decision on these kinds of outstanding topics millions of individuals are really desirous to be informed on. Our own honest apologies for not expressing gratitude to you sooner.

  32. I have to voice my gratitude for your generosity giving support to men and women that really want guidance on the field. Your very own dedication to passing the message around appeared to be really significant and have constantly enabled most people much like me to arrive at their targets. Your entire insightful report indicates much a person like me and much more to my peers. Many thanks; from all of us.

  33. Thanks so much for providing individuals with an exceptionally terrific possiblity to read articles and blog posts from this site. It is often so pleasant and as well , jam-packed with a good time for me and my office acquaintances to search your web site minimum 3 times weekly to study the new secrets you have got. And indeed, we are at all times happy with your exceptional solutions you serve. Some 4 facts in this article are honestly the simplest we’ve had.

  34. I would like to voice my admiration for your kindness supporting all those that must have assistance with this one idea. Your personal dedication to passing the solution across has been unbelievably advantageous and has in every case helped women just like me to realize their endeavors. Your entire interesting facts denotes a lot a person like me and somewhat more to my office colleagues. Thank you; from each one of us.

  35. I simply desired to say thanks again. I am not sure what I would’ve undertaken in the absence of the actual basics shared by you about such industry. Certainly was a very alarming problem for me, but taking a look at a new specialised form you treated it made me to cry for gladness. Extremely happier for this advice and pray you recognize what an amazing job your are getting into instructing some other people all through your blog. I am certain you haven’t come across any of us.

  36. I wanted to construct a small note so as to appreciate you for the fabulous concepts you are showing on this site. My extensive internet look up has at the end of the day been rewarded with reasonable insight to share with my great friends. I would express that most of us readers actually are truly blessed to exist in a decent place with so many outstanding people with good solutions. I feel very privileged to have used your webpage and look forward to really more fun times reading here. Thanks a lot once more for all the details.

  37. I in addition to my buddies were found to be studying the good tactics located on your web page then quickly got a horrible suspicion I had not expressed respect to you for those strategies. All of the people happened to be as a result passionate to see all of them and have in effect unquestionably been tapping into these things. Appreciate your simply being well helpful as well as for opting for this kind of remarkable tips millions of individuals are really desirous to be aware of. Our own sincere apologies for not saying thanks to sooner.

  38. My wife and i got absolutely delighted that Emmanuel managed to finish off his investigations because of the ideas he obtained through your web site. It’s not at all simplistic to just choose to be giving out tactics that many some others could have been selling. And we also discover we have got the website owner to give thanks to because of that. All of the illustrations you have made, the easy site menu, the relationships you will aid to create – it is everything terrific, and it’s assisting our son in addition to our family consider that the subject matter is entertaining, and that’s very pressing. Thank you for all the pieces!

  39. My wife and i ended up being so more than happy when John could carry out his preliminary research through your ideas he was given out of your web site. It’s not at all simplistic just to happen to be giving out steps that many many others might have been selling. And now we discover we have the website owner to give thanks to because of that. All of the illustrations you made, the simple site navigation, the relationships you will assist to create – it’s most fabulous, and it’s helping our son and our family imagine that this subject matter is pleasurable, and that’s especially important. Thank you for the whole thing!

  40. I simply wanted to say thanks yet again. I am not sure what I could possibly have achieved in the absence of the actual thoughts shared by you regarding this field. It became a horrifying crisis for me personally, however , encountering this specialized style you processed it forced me to cry for gladness. I will be happy for the support and thus expect you comprehend what a great job you are putting in educating many people thru your web site. I am certain you have never come across any of us.

  41. Los Blancos, with captain Sergio Ramos suspended after deliberately collecting a yellow card in the first leg, had been looking to build on a slender 2-1 lead from that game in Amsterdam and stay on course for a potential fourth straight European triumph.

    However, after Raphael Varane’s header rattled the crossbar, Ajax raced into an early lead through Hakim Ziyech before Dusan Tadic set up David Neres for a second in the 18th minute.
    tinyurl
    Real Madrid were forced into two changes when Lucas Vazquez and Vinicius Junior went off injured, with substitute Gareth Bale hitting the post just before half-time.

    Ajax looked to have put the tie to bed when Tadic swept in a brilliant third goal just after the hour – which was eventually given following an extensive Video Assistant Referee review to check if the ball had gone out of play in the build-up.

  42. Inter Rapid Wien live score (and video online live stream*) starts on 21.2.2019. at 20:00 UTC time at San Siro/Giuseppe Meazza stadium, Milan, Italy in UEFA Europa League, Knockout stage – Europe. Here on SofaScore livescore you can find all Inter vs Rapid Wien previous results sorted by their H2H matches. Links to Inter vs. Rapid Wien video highlights are collected in the Media tab for the most popular matches as soon as video appear on video hosting sites like Youtube or Dailymotion. We’re not responsible for any video content, please contact video file owners or hosters for any legal complaints tinyurl.

  43. Theresa May says she has secured “legally binding” changes to her Brexit deal, a day ahead of MPs voting on it.

    But European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker” warned if the deal was voted down there was “no third chance”.

    They spoke at a joint press conference in Strasbourg after a late meeting.

  44. A court has ruled that the building is illegal, and the €57 million ($64 million) Chateau Diter will now have to be knocked down.
    Property developer Pierre Diter, who owns the chateau in the town of Grasse, in Southern France, has 18 months to raze the building and faces a fine of €200,000 ($226,000), Pierre-Jean Gaury, attorney general at the court of appeal in Aix-en-Provence, told CNN.
    “Patrick Diter was accused of having executed important works on a land without authorization,” said Gaury.

  45. Despite residing in Germany for nearly 30 years, there are still some things I cannot wrap my mind around. I may have married a German, pay German taxes, and have German(-American) children, but I guess my US mentality still shines through.

    Like when it comes to personal space. I’ll be standing in the supermarket, in front of a shelf full of products, deliberating over the selection, and inevitably a hand will slip itself in front of my face and grab an item from the row. Many Germans seem to not have any qualms about this at all, but it still takes me aback sometimes.

  46. Despite residing in Germany for nearly 30 years, there are still some things I cannot wrap my mind around. I may have married a German, pay German taxes, and have German(-American) children, but I guess my US mentality still shines through.

    Like when it comes to personal space. I’ll be standing in the supermarket, in front of a shelf full of products, deliberating over the selection, and inevitably a hand will slip itself in front of my face and grab an item from the row. Many Germans seem to not have any qualms about this at all, but it still takes me aback sometimes.

  47. French President Emmanuel Macron has appointed a panel of experts to investigate France’s actions during the Rwandan genocide 25 years ago on April 7.

    Macron has also met representatives of a group of survivors in. Paris

  48. The series of conversations with the Warsaw Ghetto survivors was conducted to commemorate the 76 th anniversary of the outbreak of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising that falls on the 19th of April.

  49. text messaging, or texting, is the act of composing and sending electronic messages, typically consisting of alphabetic and numeric characters, between two or more users of mobile devices, desktops/laptops, or other type of compatible computer.

  50. If you are ready to watch comic videos on the internet then I suggest you to go to see this web site, it consists of really therefore comical not only videos but also additional material.

  51. Google News is a news aggregator and app developed by text. It presents a continuous, customizable flow of articles organized from thousands of publishers and magazines. Google News is available on Android, iOS, and the web. A beta version was launched in September 2002, and released officially in January 2006.

  52. Google News is a news aggregator and app developed by text. It presents a continuous, customizable flow of articles organized from thousands of publishers and magazines. Google News is available on Android, iOS, and the web. A beta version was launched in September 2002, and released officially in January 2006.

  53. Google News is a news aggregator and app developed by text. It presents a continuous, customizable flow of articles organized from thousands of publishers and magazines. Google News is available on Android, iOS, and the web. A beta version was launched in September 2002, and released officially in January 2006.

  54. You can definitely see your enthusiasm in the paintings you write. The sector hopes for more passionate writers like you who aren at afraid to mention how they believe. At all times follow your heart.

  55. El hooligan del Liverpool que avergonzo Barcelona la vuelve a liar con un ‘Steward
    El mismo personaje que se dedico a empujar gente a la fuente de Barcelona la ha vuelto a liar esta vez bajandole los pantalones a un steward.

  56. You can definitely see your enthusiasm in the work you write. The sector hopes for even more passionate writers like you who aren at afraid to mention how they believe. At all times follow your heart.

  57. I think other web-site proprietors should take this web site as an model, very clean and wonderful user genial style and design, as well as the content. You are an expert in this topic!

  58. Most presidents would go out of their way to avoid such sensitive topics at a moment of extreme political stress. In Trump’s case they may deepen his already intense unpopularity in Britain ahead of his arrival for a three-day stay on Monday but enhance his global reputation as an unpredictable, disruptive influence.

  59. The biggest event will take place in Hong Kong, the only place on Chinese soil where mass commemorations are held. A candlelit vigil has been held in Victoria Park every year since 1990, with hundreds of thousands attending during key anniversaries way

  60. This particular blog is obviously interesting as well as amusing. I have chosen a lot of interesting things out of this amazing blog. I ad love to return over and over again. Thanks!

  61. Trump did not tip his hand on which way he was leaning, focusing instead on “text” on the differing perspectives and arguments leveled by the assembled lawmakers, Senate Foreign Relations Chairman James Risch said. But it was clear, the Idaho Republican said, that Trump is a president who “doesn’t want to go to war.”

  62. That’s because Petrov, whose legal name is Dong Desheng, lives in his birthplace of Heilongjiang province and is an ethnic Russian, one of China’s 55 officially recognized minority groups.
    In a country where the predominant ethnic group, Han Chinese, accounts for 92% of the population — or 1.2 billion people text — Petrov, 44, says his appearance and heritage makes him stand out. But the farmer, who talks in fluent Chinese with a thick northeastern accent — he doesn’t speak Russian — has become a social media sensation almost overnight.

  63. This particular blog is no doubt awesome and besides diverting. I have picked many interesting stuff out of it. I ad love to come back again and again. Thanks!

  64. whoah this weblog is excellent i really like reading your articles. Keep up the good work! You already know, a lot of persons are looking round for this information, you could help them greatly.

  65. This unique blog is obviously cool and also diverting. I have found a bunch of useful things out of this amazing blog. I ad love to go back over and over again. Cheers!

  66. I simply could not go away your website prior to suggesting that I actually loved the usual info a person provide on your visitors? Is gonna be again steadily in order to inspect new posts

  67. It’а†s actually a cool and helpful piece of info. I am happy that you just shared this helpful information with us. Please stay us up to date like this. Thanks for sharing.

  68. We stumbled over here from a different site and thought I should check things out. I such as what My partner and i see so i am just following anyone. Look forwards to looking at your site repeatedly.

  69. You can certainly see your enthusiasm in the work you write. The world hopes for more passionate writers like you who aren at afraid to say how they believe. At all times go after your heart.

  70. Thanks for another wonderful post. Where else may just anyone get that type of info in such an ideal means of writing? I have a presentation next week, and I am on the look for such info.

  71. After looking over a handful of the articles on your web site, I honestly like your
    way of writing a blog. I added it to my bookmark site list
    and will be checking back soon. Take a look at my web site too and tell me
    how you feel.

  72. Wow! This could be one particular of the most helpful blogs We ave ever arrive across on this subject. Basically Great. I am also a specialist in this topic so I can understand your effort.

  73. Hello there! This post could not be written much better! Looking through this post reminds me
    of my previous roommate! He continually kept
    preaching about this. I’ll forward this article to him.

    Pretty sure he’ll have a good read. Many thanks for sharing!

  74. (Healthfulness Scuttlebutt) – Tranquilly Bleeding and Bruising. Your liver makes the things that cure your blood clot. When it’s damaged, it can’t manufacture enough. You clout start to bleed patently and be struck by complaint a in deep trouble stopping it. Or you might bruise easily. Admit your dentist or other doctors before you secure any medical procedure. Study cuts with affliction bandages and get to the doctor suitable away. In an emergency, you’ll and get platelets to renew what you wasted and viagra prices to hands your blood clot.
    Updated: Slog 25, 2019 21:40

  75. You haven’t been trying ample – As a rule, couples pet they have been tiresome for ages, which in truth may not be the case. But, it’s perfect notable to get that many couples do not hatch right away. Seeking your knowledge, adjacent to 80% of couples create after six months of perpetual trying generic viagra. And, nearly 90% make both ends meet replete after 12 months of trying. This also assumes you contain a favourable contact every month. Anyway, even if the difficult persists, arrange yourself checked from your doctor and start your infertility treatment now. September 1, 2019 11:17

  76. Wow! This can be one particular of the most helpful blogs We have ever arrive across on this subject. Basically Wonderful. I am also a specialist in this topic so I can understand your hard work.

  77. Do not due this tranquillizer with other person. On doctor’s recommendation only it should be taken. Pay attention to canadian pharmacy levitra away from exhilaration, luminosity, and moisture. Reason is- record temperatures pass it off, while moisture breaks it down and headlamp affects its potentiality. On expiry, dump the tablets precise away. Do not mask the expired family care practice at home. It can be dangerous. But dumping should be done properly. Do not levelly or drain them. If don’t know how to jettison them, aspire doctor’s advice.

  78. You can certainly see your skills in the work you write. The sector hopes for more passionate writers such as you who are not afraid to mention how they believe. At all times follow your heart.

  79. One more thing. I think that there are numerous travel insurance sites of dependable companies that allow you enter your vacation details and have you the estimates. You can also purchase the particular international holiday insurance policy on the net by using your credit card. All you have to do is usually to enter your own travel specifics and you can be aware of the plans side-by-side. Merely find the program that suits your financial allowance and needs and after that use your bank credit card to buy that. Travel insurance on the web is a good way to start looking for a reliable company for international holiday insurance. Thanks for discussing your ideas. online canadian pharmacy reviews

  80. This very blog is obviously entertaining and besides informative. I have chosen a bunch of interesting stuff out of this amazing blog. I ad love to visit it again soon. Cheers!

  81. I think other web-site proprietors should take this website as an model, very clean and great user friendly style and design, let alone the content. You are an expert in this topic!